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Counseling Degrees and the New Era of Mental Health

Immerse yourself in the world of a counseling degree. Discover what it entails, its value, and how it can pave the way for a fulfilling career.

Counseling Degree

In mental health today, we are witnessing a tale of silent warriors and unsung heroes. This is a tale about people who have committed themselves to help others as they navigate the intricate maze of the human mind.

These are the counselors, the therapists, the psychologists – the guardians of mental well-being.

And it all starts with a counseling degree.

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What is a Counseling Degree?

Think of a counseling degree as your golden key. It’s your ticket to open locked doors, those often seen in the challenging mazes of human emotion and behavior.

Essentially, this degree equips you with the skills to guide individuals, families, or groups through their toughest life experiences.

But it’s more than just about helping others. This degree can bring about a transformation within you too. By understanding the intricate nuances of human emotion, you foster self-awareness and personal growth.

Nowadays, many people are embracing a more comprehensive and proactive approach to mental health care that covers emotional, mental, and physical wellness.

As a counseling degree holder, you would be part of an evolving field.

Current Trends in Counseling

The growing significance of mental health across different communities emphasizes the importance of having qualified professionals with counseling degrees.

As an aspiring student, recognizing these trends can help you appreciate the potential influence and relevance of obtaining a counseling degree in today’s society.

Mental Health and Well-being of Employees

Employers are now prioritizing the mental health and overall wellness of their employees. In an effort to do so, companies are implementing various measures, such as offering access to counseling services, mental health applications, and educational programs aimed at enhancing mental health within the workplace.

Family Discussion about Mental Health

Conversations about mental health are becoming more common in families, which can help proactively address challenges and identify healthy coping strategies.

Support for Working Parents

The needs of working parents have become more visible due to the pandemic, leading to discussions about how to best support them, such as through flexible scheduling and additional parent-focused benefits.

Prioritizing Educator Mental Health

It's becoming more and more evident that it's crucial to provide mental health support for educators who've been facing significant stress during the pandemic. This includes allocating funds for professional development, implementing structural changes that prioritize teacher mental health care, and setting up support groups.

More Mental Health Education for Students

Many educational institutions are now realizing the significance of mental health education for students, as it can aid them in preserving a positive mental state and managing difficulties effectively. One way to achieve this is by incorporating evidence-based mental health curricula into school programs.

What are the Counseling Degree Levels?

As you embark on your journey toward becoming a counselor, you will encounter several significant achievements. Each stage of your counseling degree symbolizes a crucial milestone, propelling you closer to your ultimate objective.

Let us now explore the path ahead and the various stages that lie ahead of you.

Certificate in Counseling

A certificate is a short-term program that typically spans six months to a year. It’s the starter pack of counseling education, providing a basic understanding of the field. 

Programs that focus on counseling certificates are usually created as independent courses that equip learners with the necessary skills to obtain a counseling license or practice in a particular area of expertise.

Entry requirements:

  • High school diploma or GED
  • Some colleges may require specific prerequisite courses in psychology or related fields.

Associate's Degree in Counseling

This two-year program delves deeper into the human psyche and provides a more thorough understanding of counseling techniques. It can be a stepping stone to a bachelor’s degree or pave the way to entry-level roles in counseling.

Obtaining an associate’s degree can equip you with essential knowledge for basic support roles or serve as a stepping stone towards further education, despite the fact that most states mandate a postgraduate degree for counseling licensure.

Entry requirements:

  • High school diploma or GED
  • Satisfactory scores on college placement exams
  • Some programs may require a minimum high school GPA

Bachelor's Degree in Counseling

In order to pursue a career as a licensed counselor, it is necessary first to obtain a bachelor’s degree. This is a foundational step towards acquiring the necessary skills and knowledge to provide effective counseling services to clients.

Entry requirements:

  • High school diploma or GED
  • SAT or ACT scores may be required, depending on the institution
  • Some programs may require specific prerequisite courses or a minimum GPA

Master's Degree in Counseling

A master’s degree in counseling is the key that unlocks the door to a licensed counseling career. Lasting two to three years, this program dives deep into specialized areas of counseling, be it school, mental health, marriage, and family or substance abuse counseling. 

With a master’s degree, you can become a licensed counselor and have the autonomy to open your practice.

Entry requirements:

  • Bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution
  • Transcripts from all post-secondary institutions attended
  • Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores may be required
  • Letters of recommendation, typically academic or professional

Doctoral Degree in Counseling

Often pursued by those who wish to contribute to the field through research, policy development, or teaching, a Ph.D. is the apex of counseling education.

A doctorate may take three to six years, and its primary focus is on original research, preparing you for leadership roles in the counseling field.

Entry requirements:

  • Master’s degree in counseling or in a related field from an accredited institution
  • Some programs may require a sample of scholarly writing or a master’s thesis
  • Letters of recommendation, typically academic and professional
  • Personal statement or statement of purpose outlining research interests and career goals

Disclaimer: The entry requirements for a degree in Counseling may vary depending on your university and state. However, here we have outlined the general qualifications that are frequently asked for.

What Specialties and Concentrations Can You Find in Counseling Degree Programs?

As you explore counseling degrees more deeply, you discover a wide variety of specializations and areas of focus. These specialized areas allow you to focus your expertise, tailor your career path, and align your work with your passion.

Here’s a brief overview of some popular concentrations in counseling degree programs.

School Counseling

In School Counseling, your focus will be the well-being and academic success of students. Here, you’ll become proficient in understanding and addressing the unique challenges students face.

School counselors are crucial in guiding students through academic, personal, and career-related issues.

Substance Abuse Counseling

Substance Abuse Counseling focuses on helping individuals grappling with addiction. As a substance abuse counselor, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge and skills to guide individuals on their path to recovery. This specialty is challenging yet deeply rewarding, allowing you to make a profound difference in your client’s lives.

Marriage and Family Counseling

In Marriage and Family Counseling, your expertise lies in understanding and resolving interpersonal and familial conflicts. Counselors in this specialty work with couples and families, helping them navigate challenging times and improve their relationships.

If you’re fascinated by the dynamics of human relationships, this concentration might be your ideal choice.

Rehabilitation Counseling

Rehabilitation Counseling is all about empowering individuals with disabilities to live independent and fulfilling lives. Rehabilitation counselors strive to overcome environmental, social, and attitudinal hurdles that their clients face.

Career Counseling

Career Counseling is a concentration focused on guiding individuals in their professional journeys. Career counselors assist in exploring career options, making informed decisions, and overcoming career-related challenges. If you have a keen interest in the world of work and enjoy helping others achieve their professional goals, this concentration might be your calling.

Courses & Curriculum in Counseling Degree Programs

Unfolding the layers of a counseling degree, you’ll find a wealth of knowledge. The course structure in counseling programs isn’t just a bunch of random classes thrown together; it is carefully crafted to cover the essential aspects of counseling, giving you a well-rounded understanding of the field. 

Let’s peek into the world of counseling courses and explore some of the core classes.

Introduction to Counseling

Your journey begins with Introduction to Counseling. As the name suggests, this foundational course opens the doors to counseling. You’ll learn about the basic counseling processes, the role of a counselor, and the various settings in which counseling takes place.

It’s your first glimpse into the diverse landscape of this field.

Human Growth and Development

In counseling, understanding your clients’ developmental context is paramount. Picture the course of Human Growth and Development as a time machine. It carries you through the life stages of humans, from the first baby steps to mature adulthood.

As you progress through different phases, you’ll notice distinct changes in the mental, social, and physical state. These changes have an impact on our thoughts, behavior, and emotions, shaping our overall personality.

Counseling Theory

Counseling Theory is the backbone of your counseling education. This course dives into the different theoretical approaches to counseling, from psychoanalytic to humanistic to cognitive-behavioral.

As you master these theories, you become like a craftsperson, skillfully picking the right tool to meet each client’s unique needs.

Group Counseling

The course Group Counseling is highly significant. It involves more than just individual conversations, as it is more like a team gathering. In this gathering, everyone contributes, learns from each other, and provides support to their fellow members.

In this course, you’ll learn about group dynamics, stages of group development, and practical techniques for facilitating group counseling.

Ethics in Counseling

Ethics in Counseling equips you with the moral compass necessary to navigate the complex ethical scenarios in counseling. You’ll learn about professional codes of ethics, confidentiality, informed consent, and dual relationships, among other topics.

This course ensures you can provide ethical and responsible care to your clients.

On-Campus vs. Online Counseling Degree Programs

Standing at the crossroads of your educational journey, you face a pivotal choice – do you venture into the traditional, bustling world of an on-campus program or choose the flexible, tech-savvy route of an online degree?

Each path holds its unique allure, and your choice will depend on your lifestyle, learning preferences, and career goals.

On-Campus Counseling Programs

The on-campus experience is a time-honored tradition, allowing you to immerse yourself in the vibrant rhythms of college life. Walking the halls of academia, engaging in face-to-face conversations with professors, and collaborating with classmates in study groups are all part of this enriching experience. 

But it isn’t without its challenges. 


Real-time interactions: You get immediate feedback from professors and peers.

Structured schedule: A set timetable keeps you on track with your studies.

Networking: On-campus programs provide ample opportunities for networking and forming professional relationships.

Access to facilities: Libraries, study rooms, and labs are at your disposal.


Less flexibility: You need to adhere to the timetable, which might not always suit your personal schedule.

Commute: Depending on your location, getting to campus can be time-consuming.

Cost: On-campus programs can be pricier, considering housing and other campus-related expenses.

Online Counseling Programs

On the other hand, online programs offer unparalleled flexibility. They allow you to study at your own pace, from the comfort of your home, a coffee shop, or anywhere else with a Wi-Fi connection. 

But while the flexibility is attractive, online programs demand a high level of self-discipline and offer less direct interaction. 


Flexibility: Study when it suits you best, balancing your education with work or family commitments.

Accessibility: You can study from anywhere with an internet connection.

Cost-effective: You can save on housing, transportation, and other campus-related costs.


Limited networking: Opportunities for face-to-face networking may be reduced.

Self-discipline: You need to motivate yourself to keep up with the coursework.

Limited hands-on experience: Certain courses might not be as effective when taken online.

Remember, there’s no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to choosing between on-campus and online programs. It all depends on your individual needs and circumstances. 

Next, let’s turn our attention to another critical aspect of your journey to a counseling degree – what to consider before applying.

What to Consider When Choosing a Counseling Degree?

Fresh from exploring the realms of on-campus and online degrees, you might wonder, “How do I choose the perfect counseling degree tailored just for me?”

Don’t fret! We’ve got you covered.

Choosing a counseling degree program is like picking out the perfect pair of shoes. It’s not just about the style (though that’s important); it’s about the fit. It should comfortably support your journey, helping you stride confidently toward your career goals.

Here are some factors you should consider:

1. Accreditation

This should be your first port of call when assessing a degree program. Accreditation guarantees that the program meets specific educational quality standards. It ensures that employers and other educational institutions will recognize your degree. Look for programs accredited by reputable bodies like the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP).

2. Curriculum

Take a good look at the curriculum. Does it cover the essential areas of counseling that interest you? Does it offer the specialties or concentrations you wish to pursue? Remember, the right curriculum should nurture your career aspirations and equip you with the necessary skills.

3. Faculty

Faculty quality can significantly influence your education. Seek programs with experienced and knowledgeable professors who are also practicing professionals. This way, you gain not only academic knowledge but also real-world insights.

4. Practical Experience

Counseling is a hands-on field. Therefore, a good program should offer practical experiences such as internships, practicums, or capstone projects. These experiences give you an opportunity to apply your learned theories in real-life scenarios and gain vital skills.

5. Cost and Financial Aid

Consider your budget and the program’s cost. Remember to check the availability of financial aid, scholarships, or work-study options that can help ease the financial burden.

6. Career Services

A strong career services department can provide job placement assistance, resume help, and networking opportunities. They can be invaluable when you’re ready to step into the professional world.

7. Student Support

Consider the support services the institution provides. These could include academic advising, mental health services, tutoring, or disability support. You want to ensure you’ll be well-supported during your academic journey.

8. Program Format

Reflect on the on-campus and online discussion. What fits your lifestyle and learning preference? Do you crave the structure of on-campus learning, or does the flexibility of an online format suit you better?

What Can You Do with a Counseling Degree?

Counseling as a professional endeavor dates back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

However, its roots can be traced back to ancient times, when priests, philosophers, and wise elders played similar roles.

But what does it mean to hold a counseling degree today?

Career Outlook

The career outlook for counseling degree holders is brighter than ever. As society becomes more aware of the importance of mental health, the demand for qualified counselors is on the rise.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a 22% job growth rate for substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors between 2021 and 2031. That’s much faster than the average for all occupations!

Salary Potential

The financial rewards of a career in counseling are also significant. While the precise wage can vary depending on location, specialization, and experience, the median annual salary for mental health counselors was $48,520 in May 2021, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics

With experience and further qualifications, this figure can rise substantially, making a counseling degree not just a fulfilling choice but a financially sound one too.

Top Jobs you can get with a Counseling Degree:

Mental Health Counselor

Mental Health Counselors dedicate their career to helping individuals manage and overcome mental and emotional disorders. They assess mental health conditions, develop treatment plans, and provide individual or group therapy.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$48,520 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Substance Abuse Counselor

Working at the frontline of addiction recovery, these counselors provide treatment and support for individuals dealing with drug and alcohol addiction. They develop recovery programs and offer guidance to help individuals reclaim control of their lives.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$48,520 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


School Counselor

These counselors guide students through academic, personal, and developmental challenges. They work closely with teachers, parents, and administrators to create supportive learning environments.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$60,510 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Marriage and Family Therapist

These therapists specialize in relationship dynamics, helping couples and families navigate conflicts and strengthen their relationships. They provide therapy sessions to address communication issues, marital troubles, or family disputes.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$49,880 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Rehabilitation Counselor

Focused on individuals with physical, mental, developmental, or emotional disabilities, these counselors work to enhance their client’s independence and quality of life. They coordinate services, provide individual counseling, and advocate for their clients’ needs.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$38,560 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Career Counselor

Also known as vocational counselors, they assist individuals in making career decisions. They administer aptitude and assessment tests, explore career options, and offer advice on career transitions, job search strategies, and professional development.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$60,510 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


*Please be advised that the average salary provided by the BLS may deviate significantly from state to state and occupation to occupation, depending on various factors.

Licensure: How to Become a Licensed Counselor

By licensing counselors, the public is safeguarded as it ensures that the counselors possess the necessary education and training to provide ethical clinical counseling services.

In most states, licensed professional counselors, marriage and family therapists, as well as school counselors are required to pass a qualifying professional exam to obtain their license.

  • If you want to pursue a career in mental health counseling, opt for either the National Counselor Examination (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE) offered by the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC).
  • To become a marriage and family therapist, you must pass the MFT National Examination accredited by the Association of Marital & Family Therapy Regulatory Boards (AMFTRB) in several states. However, states like California have created their own qualifying exams for MFTs.
  • To obtain a school counselor license, passing the Praxis tests for professional school counselors is usually required. However, specific states like Texas and Ohio have their exams for licensure. 
  • Passing state-specific exams is also necessary if you’re interested in becoming a substance abuse or rehabilitation counselor.

It is important to verify with your state’s licensing board for accurate and current information regarding which exams you should take, regardless of the type of counseling certification you choose.

Popular Colleges with Counseling Degree Programs

Choosing where to pursue your counseling degree is a significant decision. As an aspiring counselor, you’ll want to attend a college known for its robust curriculum, dedicated faculty, and high success rates. 

Let’s take a look at some of the top colleges in the US recognized for their counseling programs:

Northwestern University

Northwestern University offers a master of arts in counseling. Their program is accredited by the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). To provide flexibility, this program offers both online and in-person course options.

University of Georgia

The Ph.D. program in counseling psychology at the University of Georgia is accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA) and enables graduates to obtain licensure in all US states. The program values a multicultural approach and emphasizes this aspect.

New York University

The Ph.D. program in counseling psychology at New York University has received accreditation from the American Psychological Association. The program provides comprehensive training and coursework in both teaching and counseling, and graduates are eligible to obtain licensure

National University

At National University, you can find a great deal on a master’s in counseling psychology program that has two specialization options. If you want to work with families and couples, the MFT option is for you. The combined degree program is a great way to get the extra practicum training experience needed by professional clinical counselor trainees.

University of St. Thomas

The University of St. Thomas has a top-notch master’s in counseling psychology program. It provides excellent value and a thorough curriculum preparing students for three career paths. Students can even get joint licensure as a Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor and Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPC/C). 

The program offers both full-time and part-time options, and classes are available on evenings and weekends, making it convenient for working professionals.

Featured Colleges

FAQ about Counseling Degree Programs

Yes, you absolutely do. This credential stands as a mark of competency and ensures that you’ve met a certain standard of education and training. 

It’s important to understand that requirements for licensure can vary from state to state.

Getting licensed as a counselor usually involves a few steps after you’ve obtained your degree:

  1. Complete a master’s degree: This is usually the minimum education requirement for licensure. The degree should be from a program accredited by an organization recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA).
  2. Accumulate supervised experience: Most states require a certain number of supervised practice hours post-graduation. The specific requirement varies by state and specialty.
  3. Pass a state-recognized exam: These exams test your knowledge and skills in the field of counseling.
  4. Apply for state licensure: Once you’ve met the education, experience, and examination requirements, you can apply through your state’s board.

Through a counseling degree program, you’ll gain a broad range of skills vital to the field. These include:

  1. Active listening: This skill helps you fully understand your client’s concerns and emotions.
  2. Communication: You’ll need to articulate your thoughts clearly and effectively during counseling sessions.
  3. Empathy: To be able to understand and share the feelings of others is crucial in forming strong therapeutic relationships.
  4. Problem-solving: Counselors help clients navigate challenges, which requires a knack for devising practical solutions.
  5. Cultural Competency: Respecting and understanding cultural differences is essential in today’s diverse society

Yes, you certainly can. After obtaining a master’s degree in counseling, you can pursue a doctoral degree, such as a Ph.D. in Counseling or Counselor Education and Supervision, or a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.).

These advanced degrees can lead to roles in academia, research, or advanced clinical practice.

Accreditation is incredibly important for counseling programs. It serves as a quality assurance mechanism, ensuring that the program meets established standards for education and training.

Accreditation is also often a requirement for licensure and can impact your ability to transfer credits or pursue further education.

Counseling holds a significant place in the health and human services sector. As a profession dedicated to helping people navigate life’s challenges and improve their mental health, it complements and overlaps with many other fields, like social work, psychology, and psychiatry.

Counselors often collaborate with professionals in these areas to provide comprehensive care for individuals.

A counseling degree can lead to various career paths beyond traditional counseling roles. These include:

  1. Human Resources Specialist: Use your understanding of human behavior to help recruit, train, and support employees.
  2. Life Coach: Draw on your counseling skills to help people set and achieve personal and professional goals.
  3. Consultant: Provide expert advice to organizations on mental health programs and initiatives.
  4. Health Educator: Educate communities about behaviors promoting wellness.
  5. Researcher or Professor: Contribute to the field by conducting research or teaching the next generation of counselors.


  • A Counseling degree equips you with the skills to guide individuals, couples, families, and groups through life’s challenges.
  • There are numerous concentrations to choose from, including School Counseling, Substance Abuse Counseling, Marriage and Family Counseling, Rehabilitation Counseling, and Career Counseling.
  • The coursework in a counseling degree program is designed to build essential skills and knowledge, such as counseling theory, human growth and development, group counseling, and ethics.
  • When choosing a program, consider factors like accreditation, cost, program format, faculty, and support services.
  • A Counseling degree can lead to various career paths, from traditional counseling roles to careers in human resources, life coaching, consulting, health education, and academia.
  • The licensure process typically involves completing a master’s degree, accumulating supervised experience, passing an exam, and applying for state licensure.
  • Accreditation is vital for ensuring the quality of your education and is often a requirement for licensure and further education.
  • The job outlook for Counseling degree graduates is positive, with various opportunities and competitive salaries.

Your future is waiting, and it starts with the right college. Unleash your potential and step into a rewarding career in counseling.

To gain a deeper understanding of the human mind and behavior, why not explore the fascinating field of psychology?

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