Biomedical Engineering Degree: A Comprehensive Guide

Unearth the intriguing aspects of a Biomedical Engineering degree, its prospects, and how it’s shaping the future of healthcare.

Biomedical Engineering Degrees

Biomedical engineering is a force multiplier for healthcare innovation. Years of observing the evolution of this interdisciplinary field led to the conclusion: it’s a game-changer.

And because we think it’s a game-changer, we’re advocating for it — in thoughtful, measured ways — for anyone interested in a career at the forefront of medical breakthroughs.

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What is a Biomedical Engineering Degree?

Ever marveled at how a pacemaker, smaller than a cookie, keeps a heart ticking steadily? Or pondered how prosthetic limbs replicate the complex movements of a human hand? It’s Biomedical Engineering at work.

A biomedical engineering degree is a unique union of medicine, biology, and engineering. It’s the study of designing and creating equipment, devices, computer systems, and software used in healthcare.

This dynamic discipline is about inventing and improving technology to better diagnose and treat diseases, enhancing patients’ lives.

Biomedical Engineering is the heartbeat of modern science. Imagine a world without MRI scanners, artificial organs, or insulin pumps – it’s nearly unthinkable. The equipment and methods developed by biomedical engineers are integral to modern healthcare.

Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering

As a biomedical engineer, you can expect the field to evolve constantly and new trends to emerge regularly. Here are some recent developments in biomedical engineering degrees in the US and the field in general. 

Keep an eye on these exciting trends as you embark on your career journey.

1. The Power Duo: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

The beauty of AI and machine learning is in their power to decipher complex patterns from vast data pools. Biomedical engineers are harnessing this power to extract vital insights about various medical conditions, pinpoint potential risks, design effective protocols, and pioneer revolutionary treatments. 

2. The Final Frontier: Brain Research

The brain, the most enigmatic organ in our body, is currently under the brightest spotlight in biomedical engineering. Researchers are devising ways to restore brain functionality post diseases using diverse stimulation forms. Meanwhile, some are busy weaving neural technology magic to fuel prosthetics. It’s a realm filled with wonder and endless possibilities!

3. Advanced Wearable Devices

We’ve come a long way from counting steps. The future belongs to sophisticated wearable devices that serve as mini health monitors, offering a goldmine of detailed health data. And guess what? Biomedical engineers are at the helm, designing devices that not only keep a health check but also bridge you with your healthcare providers for improved care.

4. Next-gen Prosthetic Technology

Picture a prosthetic limb, a marvel of biomechanics, responding to your brain’s commands just like a natural limb. It’s not science fiction; it’s the upcoming wave in prosthetic technology! Biomedical engineers are breathing life into this dream, crafting chip-enabled prosthetics that boast advanced mobility, flexibility, and even auxiliary motors for added strength. It’s the dawn of a new era in assistive technology.

What are the Biomedical Engineering Degree Levels?

Biomedical engineering has been growing significantly in recent years, and as a result, many degree programs are available for those interested in it. 

That’s why we’ll delve into the various degree levels available for biomedical engineering, ranging from undergraduate to graduate and doctoral programs. Further, you’ll find highlighted the differences between these degree levels and expounds on the advantages of each.

Certificate in Biomedical Engineering

A certificate program in biomedical engineering is a short-term course that typically takes less than a year to complete. It provides fundamental knowledge of biomedical concepts and principles, emphasizing practical training.

Benefits: This program can serve as a stepping stone into the field, offering essential skills for entry-level positions. It’s good for professionals in related fields who want to switch to biomedical engineering.

Entry Requirements: A high school diploma or equivalent.

Associate Degree in Biomedical Engineering

An associate degree is a two-year program that provides a solid foundation in basic engineering principles, biology, and medical science. It covers areas like medical imaging, bioinstrumentation, and biomechanics.

Benefits: An associate degree can open doors to various technical roles within the biomedical field. It’s also a cost-effective way to start higher education, with most credits typically transferable to a bachelor’s degree program.

Entry Requirements: A high school diploma or equivalent, with a satisfactory GPA and some coursework in math and science.

Bachelor's Degree in Biomedical Engineering

A bachelor’s degree is a four-year program that dives deeper into the biomedical engineering field. Coursework involves advanced mathematics, in-depth life sciences, engineering design, and often a capstone project or internship.

Benefits: A bachelor’s degree is often the minimum requirement for most biomedical engineering roles. The skills you acquire in this bachelor’s course empower you to craft, perfect, and evaluate biomedical systems and devices, readying you for a host of intriguing roles in the field.

Entry Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent, SAT or ACT scores, and strong performance in math and science.

Master's Degree in Biomedical Engineering

A master’s degree is a postgraduate academic program that typically takes two years to complete. It is highly valued in professional settings as it demonstrates expertise and mastery in a particular field.

Benefits: A master’s degree can accelerate your career, allowing you to specialize, take on leadership roles, and command higher salaries. Many programs emphasize research, offering opportunities to contribute to advancements in the field.

Entry Requirements: A bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering or a related field, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, and sometimes professional experience are typically needed.

Doctorate in Biomedical Engineering

A Doctoral degree is the highest academic degree, usually taking 4-6 years to complete. It’s heavily research-focused and culminates in a doctoral dissertation based on original research.

Benefits: You can lead independent research, teach at the university level, or hold top positions in industry and government. It’s a pathway to becoming a thought leader in your chosen specialty.

Entry Requirements: A master’s degree is often required, though some programs accept highly qualified candidates with a bachelor’s degree. A solid academic record, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, and a demonstrated aptitude for research are also needed.

Disclaimer: The entry requirements for a degree in Biomedical Engineering may vary depending on your university and state. However, here we have outlined the general qualifications that are frequently asked for.

What Specialties and Concentrations can you find in Biomedical Engineering Degree Programs?

Getting a biomedical engineering degree is like setting sail on a vast ocean of knowledge. And guess what? You get to be the captain of your ship, choosing which islands of specialization to explore.

By charting your course towards a specific concentration, you’re not just following a map. You’re diving deeper into the fascinating waters of biomedical engineering, honing your skills, and preparing to make waves in the biomedical industry.

Below, you’ll discover a treasure trove of concentrations in biomedical engineering degree programs.

Cell & Tissue Engineering

Dive into the microscopic world of cells and tissues with this specialty. It’s like being an architect, but your building blocks are cells, and your blueprints are tissues and organs. From growing skin for grafts to crafting tailor-made organs, this field is a testament to the miracles of mode

Choosing this concentration equips you to revolutionize healthcare, creating therapies that repair, replace, or enhance biological function. It’s a promising path for those intrigued by life at the cellular level and passionate about making a profound impact on patient care.

Biomedical Imaging

Biomedical imaging is like having a magic lens that lets you peer into the human body’s secret chambers. This concentration focuses on techniques to capture detailed images of organs and tissues, including ultrasound, MRI, and CT scans. 

As a specialist in this field, you’ll be at the forefront of diagnosing and monitoring diseases, making you a critical player in the healthcare team. If you love solving mysteries and wish to merge technology with healthcare, this specialty could be your perfect match.

Biomedical Devices

Imagine designing a gadget that helps someone hear again or a device that keeps a heart beating. That’s what you can do in the field of biomedical devices. This concentration involves the design and development of equipment, prosthetics, and devices used to diagnose and treat diseases.

Pursuing this specialty allows you to apply engineering principles to create practical solutions that improve patients’ quality of life. It’s an ideal choice if you love inventing, problem-solving and want to see your creations make a tangible difference.

Biomedical Data Science and Computational Medicine

In this age of big data, Biomedical Data Science and Computational Medicine is like being a treasure hunter in a digital sea, seeking valuable insights from a wealth of healthcare data. This concentration applies data science principles to medical data, decoding patterns that lead to better patient care and improved health outcomes. 

By pursuing this specialty, you’re stepping into a high-demand field where your analytical skills can shape healthcare policies and influence medical decisions.


Neuroengineering invites you into the complex labyrinth of the human brain, where electrical signals dictate thoughts, emotions, and memories. It’s about merging engineering techniques with neuroscience, creating tools to study and influence the nervous system. 

As a neuroengineer, you could develop therapies for neurological disorders or device interfaces connecting brains with machines. This specialty could be your pathway if you’re fascinated by the brain’s mysteries and driven to create solutions that improve neurological health.

Courses & Curriculum in Biomedical Engineering Degrees

Now, you might be thinking, “Biomedical Engineering sounds complex. How am I going to understand all that?” Here’s a little secret: the best way to learn is to immerse yourself in them. 

For instance, if you’re studying the design of a pacemaker, don’t limit yourself to reading the textbook. Instead, explore diagrams, watch videos, discuss the topic with your peers, and, if possible, gain hands-on experience. 

Mastering a concept is made simpler when one can grasp and articulate it through diverse means.

Here are some standard courses found in biomedical engineering.

Biochemistry & Biophysics

In biochemistry and biophysics, you will learn about the molecular level of life. You will gain knowledge about how biological systems function and interact with physical forces. It’s like having a microscopic lens that reveals the incredible dance of life that plays out in every cell.

Differential Calculus

This mathematical discipline may seem daunting, but it’s crucial for understanding change and motion – concepts that are at the heart of engineering. Embrace the challenge, and you’ll be rewarded with an essential toolset for problem-solving in biomedical engineering.

Advanced General Physics

This course illuminates the fundamental laws of nature that underpin the design and operation of biomedical devices. By understanding these principles, you can harness them to create innovative solutions in healthcare.

Intro to Biomechanics

Biomechanics is where biology and mechanics intersect, revealing how forces and movements shape our bodies. With this knowledge, you can design prosthetics, develop rehabilitation methods, or engineer biomaterials that mimic natural tissue.

Intro to Biomedical Computation

Finally, we reach the high-tech hub of ‘Intro to Biomedical Computation.’ This course unveils the power of computational tools and algorithms in solving complex biomedical problems. Whether analyzing biomedical data, modeling physiological processes, or simulating biomedical systems, computation is a powerful ally in your biomedical engineering journey.

On-campus vs. Online Biomedical Engineering Degrees

Imagine standing at a junction with two roads leading to your dream: a coveted degree in biomedical engineering. One way winds towards the time-honored, bustling campus life, while the other cuts a path through the digital landscapes right to your living room. It’s a pivotal decision point: on-campus or online?

Let’s dive into the unique features of each route and weigh their pros and cons to help you steer your educational journey in the right direction.

On-campus Biomedical Engineering Degrees

Beneath the umbrella of academia, walking alongside peers, inhaling the combined scent of chalk and determination – there’s something irreplaceably charming about on-campus programs.

The Pros

Hands-on Experience: Lab classes and physical projects are integral to the on-campus curriculum.

Peer Interaction: Active collaboration and real-time feedback from professors add depth to your learning experience.

Networking: Meet and connect with industry experts during events and seminars.

The Cons

Less Flexibility: Timetabled classes might be inconvenient for working professionals or those juggling other responsibilities.

Higher Costs: Besides tuition, expenses may extend to accommodation, commuting, and meals.

Online Biomedical Engineering Degrees

Imagine a world where classrooms are as accessible as your laptop, a world where learning isn’t bound by walls. Welcome to the universe of online programs.

The Pros

Flexibility: Work around your schedule, pace your learning, and manage personal commitments without missing a class.

Cost-Effective: Online programs often cost less, plus you save on commuting and living expenses.

The Cons

Limited Hands-On Experience: The lack of physical labs can be a drawback.

Less Direct Interaction: Even with video conferences and online forums, the human touch of face-to-face interactions might be missed.

What to Consider When Choosing a Biomedical Engineering Degree?

Imagine yourself in a grand library with countless books. Each book represents a different biomedical engineering degree program. Now, how do you pick the right one?

Let’s unwrap the mystery by examining key aspects you should consider while choosing a biomedical engineering degree.

Remember, the “right” program isn’t about prestige or popularity; it’s about aligning with your goals, interests, and circumstances.

1. Your Career Goals

Keep your professional aspirations at the forefront. If you aim to specialize in a specific field, such as neuroengineering or tissue engineering, look for programs that offer these concentrations. Dreaming of a role in academia or high-level research? Then, a degree program leading to a master’s or a doctorate might be your pick. Remember, your degree program should be a stepping-stone toward your career dreams.

2. Curriculum

Scrutinize the curriculum to ensure it covers the foundational subjects and the specialized topics that interest you. Be it biochemistry, biomechanics, or biomedical computation, make sure the program offers the courses you’re eager to dive into.

3. Accreditation

Check if the program is accredited by recognized bodies like ABET. ABET is a leading programmatic accrediting organization in engineering and technology. Accreditation ensures that the program meets specific quality standards, which can be crucial for your future employability.

4. Faculty

Explore the faculty’s qualifications and research interests. Professors who align with your academic interests can significantly enrich your learning experience.

5. Hands-on Opportunities

Practical experience is invaluable in Biomedical Engineering. Look for programs offering lab work, internships, or capstone projects that allow you to apply theoretical concepts.

6. Alumni Success

Look at what the program’s graduates have achieved. A program with successful alumni in your target roles or industries can indicate a good fit for your career goals.

7. Cost and Financial Aid

Consider the total cost of the degree – tuition, housing, books, and other fees. Don’t forget to explore scholarships, grants, or work-study opportunities that can make your degree more affordable.

8. Flexibility

If you have work or family commitments, check whether the program offers flexible scheduling, online classes, or part-time options.

What can you do with a Biomedical Engineering Degree?

Did you know that the human heart acts like a little power generator, producing enough energy daily to drive a truck for 20 miles?

Fascinating, right?

Biomedical engineers often tap into such natural marvels, working at the heart of healthcare innovation. They’re in the business of creating miracles, from designing lifesaving medical equipment and revolutionary prosthetics to pioneering cutting-edge research in tissue engineering and genetics.

Now, let’s chat about the career outlook.

Career Outlook

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the field of biomedical engineering is set to grow by 10% from 2021 to 2031. That’s faster than the average for all occupations. 

As medical technology continues to evolve at breakneck speed, the demand for biomedical engineers is only going to soar.

Salary Potential

As for the rewards, they’re pretty exciting too! In 2021, the median annual wage for biomedical engineers was $97,410, with the highest earning over $154,750

That’s a pretty lucrative return on your educational investment, don’t you think?

Top Jobs you can get with a Biomedical Engineering Degree:

Biomedical Engineer

As the name suggests, biomedical engineers apply engineering principles to the medical and biological sciences. They design and create medical devices, equipment, and software used in healthcare settings, from diagnostic machines to artificial organs.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$97,410 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Clinical Engineer

Clinical engineers focus on improving patient care by developing and maintaining medical equipment. They work closely with medical staff to ensure equipment is safe, efficient and effectively meets the needs of patients and healthcare providers.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$97,410 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Biomechanical Engineer

Biomechanical engineers study how forces impact the human body. They often work in industries like sports to improve athletic performance or safety or in healthcare to create prosthetics or improve surgical techniques.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$97,410 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Medical (Research) Scientist

A research scientist in biomedical engineering investigates how to use engineering principles to solve health and medical problems. They often work in labs, running experiments and analyzing data to understand and treat diseases.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$95,310 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


*Please be advised that the average salary provided by BLS may deviate significantly from state to state and occupation, depending on various factors.

Popular Colleges with Biomedical Engineering Degree Programs

Dreaming about launching your biomedical engineering career at a prestigious institution? You’re in luck!

The United States proudly boasts some of the globe’s most prestigious academic establishments with top-notch biomedical engineering degree programs.

Let’s embark on a little virtual tour of these academic giants, shall we?

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

As a technological powerhouse revered worldwide, MIT unfurls its leadership flag in the realm of biomedical engineering. Their programs blend rigorous coursework with hands-on experience, fostering innovation and pioneering research in biomedical engineering.

Georgia Institute of Technology

As the inaugural institution to create a dedicated Biomedical Engineering Department, Georgia Tech remains at the helm of innovation and advancement in the field. Their approach combines engineering principles with biological sciences, preparing students for diverse careers in healthcare, research, and industry.

Duke University

Duke’s Biomedical Engineering program is unique in its multidisciplinary focus. Here, engineering meets medicine, harnessing technology to solve complex healthcare challenges. Duke is a hub of innovation with excellent research opportunities and robust faculty-student collaboration.

University of Pennsylvania (UPenn)

UPenn is renowned for its interdisciplinary Biomedical Engineering program. Offering a blend of engineering, medicine, and biology, UPenn encourages students to undertake research projects, enriching their academic and professional growth.

Northwestern University

Northwestern’s Biomedical Engineering Department excels in offering a dynamic, research-driven program. The university fosters innovation through collaborative research projects, preparing students to push boundaries in biomedical engineering.

Featured Colleges

FAQ about Biomedical Engineering Degree Programs

To enter a biomedical engineering program, you’ll typically need a solid foundation in math and science, especially in biology, chemistry, and physics. High school courses in calculus, physics, and biology are strongly recommended.

Some programs may require you to complete prerequisite courses in calculus, physics, chemistry, and basic engineering principles at the college level before starting the biomedical engineering coursework.

As with all things, the specifics may vary, so it’s always best to check with the particular university or college you’re interested in.

By earning a Biomedical Engineering Degree, you’ll develop a diverse set of skills. On the technical side, you’ll learn to apply engineering principles to biology and medicine, design and build biomedical devices, and analyze complex biological data.

Additionally, you’ll gain strong problem-solving abilities, attention to detail, and analytical thinking skills.

In terms of soft skills, you’ll enhance your communication and teamwork abilities, as you’ll often work in multidisciplinary teams. The program will also foster your creativity and innovation, as the field usually involves designing new solutions to medical problems.

Math is a significant component of any engineering field, including biomedical engineering. This field often involves calculations and mathematical models to solve complex biological and medical problems.

However, being ‘not good at math’ isn’t a deal-breaker. You might find that your understanding and ability improve when math is applied to real-world problems you’re passionate about.

Plus, support and resources are typically available at universities to help students succeed in their math classes.

Like any engineering degree, a biomedical engineering degree can be challenging. It requires a strong commitment and a good deal of effort as it combines the complexity of engineering principles with the intricacies of biological systems.

However, the level of difficulty can vary among individuals. If you have a passion for the field and a willingness to put in the necessary work and study, it’s certainly achievable.

While these terms are often used interchangeably, some institutions make a distinction between them. When a difference is noted, Bioengineering is usually referred to as a broader field that applies engineering principles to all aspects of biology, not just medicine and healthcare.

In contrast, Biomedical Engineering is typically focused on medical and health-related applications.

Absolutely! Many biomedical engineering programs offer a variety of concentrations or specialties—these range from Biomedical Imaging and Neuroengineering to Tissue Engineering and Biomedical Data Science.

By choosing a specialty, you can focus your studies on a particular area of interest and gain more profound knowledge and skills.

Yes, various scholarships and grants are available for biomedical engineering students. These can come from different sources, such as the federal government, state agencies, universities themselves, or private organizations.

It’s worth researching and applying to as many of these opportunities as possible to help finance your education. Some universities also provide financial aid packages and work-study programs for eligible students.


  • Biomedical Engineering is a multidisciplinary field that combines engineering principles with medical and biological sciences.
  • Degree levels range from certificate to doctorate, each offering different career opportunities and requiring an extra level of commitment.
  • Specialties in Biomedical Engineering include Cell & Tissue Engineering, Biomedical Imaging, Biomedical Devices, Biomedical Data Science, and Neuroengineering.
  • Both on-campus and online Biomedical Engineering degree programs offer unique benefits, depending on individual needs and circumstances.
  • Several factors, including program accreditation, faculty qualifications, curriculum content, and internship opportunities, should be considered when choosing a program.
  • Exciting trends in Biomedical Engineering include advances in AI and machine learning, brain research, wearable devices, and prosthetics.
  • Career opportunities for Biomedical Engineering graduates are plentiful, with the BLS predicting a positive career outlook and competitive salaries.

It’s time to transform your passion for science and engineering into a successful career!

Find the right college to begin your Biomedical Engineering journey today.

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