Science & Engineering Degree Programs: Certificates, Majors & Important Info You Need to Know

Find out everything there is about science and engineering degree programs. Learn across multiple disciplines, prepare for success, and launch into an exciting future.

Science & Engineering Degree Programs

Science and engineering programs have been a source of inspiration for students for many years. Formulating new technologies, discovering cutting-edge medicines, or building structures that stand the test of time has motivated countless of them to strive for excellence.

If the same goes for you, studying science and engineering in college may be the perfect path.

Let’s look at what science and engineering programs are all about.


What are Science & Engineering Degree Programs?

Science and engineering programs are designed to provide you with the knowledge, skills, and techniques you need to understand various scientific concepts and principles. This includes everything from the basics of chemistry and physics to more advanced topics such as machine learning and artificial intelligence.

As technology continues to evolve, so does the demand for educated professionals who understand the principles behind it. This is where science and engineering programs come in!

They provide comprehensive knowledge about the systems used in today’s technological world while also teaching essential skills such as problem-solving and critical thinking, which are highly sought after by employers across various industries worldwide.

Science and Engineering Program Benefits

Science and engineering programs offer numerous benefits if you pursue a career in these fields. Here are just a few of the advantages that come with enrolling in one of these specialized programs:  

  • In-depth instruction from experienced faculty – Students enrolled in science or engineering programs benefit from dedicated instruction from experienced faculty who can provide guidance and insight into their industry experience.  
  • Access to cutting-edge technology – Most universities and colleges invest heavily in up-to-date technology for their science and engineering departments so that students can gain real-world experience working with the latest tools and equipment.  
  • Hands-on experience – By participating in laboratory work and internships, students enrolled in these programs gain valuable hands-on experience, preparing them for successful careers upon graduation.
  • Exciting job opportunities – These programs can open doors to exciting career paths—from chemical engineer to computer programmer—that offer competitive salaries and excellent job security.

Skills You'll Learn from Science & Engineering Degree Programs

Knowing what skills you can expect to learn from a science or engineering program is essential to make an informed decision about which program best fits your academic goals.

Let’s take a look at some of the critical competencies and common outcomes that students can expect to gain from such programs.

Key Competencies

  • Critical Thinking: Science and engineering programs often require thinking critically and solving complex problems. You will learn to approach challenges logically, break down tasks into manageable parts, analyze data, and draw conclusions based on their findings.
  • Problem-Solving: You will also develop problem-solving skills as you work through different projects and challenges. These skills involve breaking down problems into smaller components, researching potential solutions, testing hypotheses, and finding the most effective solution.
  • Collaboration and Communication Skills: Working in teams is essential to many science and engineering programs. You will have the opportunity to develop your collaboration skills as you work with other students on group projects. You will also practice your communication skills by presenting ideas and research findings to the class or faculty members.
  • Research and Analysis Skills: You will have to use research methods such as surveys, experiments, interviews, or case studies when conducting research for projects or papers in science and engineering programs. You should also be able to interpret data accurately to generate meaningful results from your analysis.

Common Outcomes

  • Increased Technical Knowledge and Expertise: By completing a science or engineering program, you will become more knowledgeable and experienced in your chosen field of study. This increased technical knowledge may open up new job opportunities or help you move up within your current organization.
  • Improved Interpersonal and Leadership Skills: Science and engineering programs require interactions with peers on various levels throughout the coursework, which helps you build strong interpersonal relationships with others and leadership qualities necessary for success in any industry.
  • Enhanced Professional Networking Opportunities: The connections made during these programs often lead to new professional opportunities both during school and after graduation due to the network of individuals who are highly invested in each student’s development into successful professionals in their fields of study.

What types of Certificates, Degrees & Majors can you find in Science & Engineering?

Science and engineering are growing fields that are becoming more important in our ever-changing technological world. For potential college students, they present an exciting selection of options to explore.

Science and engineering majors offer an array of career opportunities for those interested in exploring the fascinating world of biology at a molecular level through various technologies.

Let’s explore the many possibilities these majors offer and discover the exciting career paths they can lead to.


The Child Development major is an excellent option for individuals who want to work with children from birth through adolescence. It focuses on researching and understanding how children learn and develop.

Students enrolled in this major will comprehensively understand child psychology and development and learn about child health and safety, family dynamics, and educational strategies for working with children.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering is another popular major in the realm of STEM. This major blends biology and medicine with engineering principles to create products and services that improve healthcare quality and patient safety. 

Graduates often pursue careers as biomedical engineers or researchers; they may also become doctors or nurses. As technology advances across the medical field, this major will continue to grow in importance and popularity among university students.


Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary field combining biology and technology to understand life processes and develop products from them. Biotechnology degrees are perfect for careers in genetic engineering, bioremediation (using natural organisms to clean up environmental contamination), or biofuel development.

With this degree, you can pursue roles such as laboratory technician, agricultural scientist, or research scientist.


Physics is the study of matter, energy, and its interactions. It is one of the oldest scientific disciplines and deals with concepts such as motion, force, energy, electricity, magnetism, light, sound, relativity, and quantum theory.

A major in Physics will allow you to develop analytical skills and problem-solving abilities that you can apply to many different areas, including mechanics, astronomy, or engineering.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with designing and constructing electrical equipment like generators and motors. Electrical engineers also work on communication systems such as radio or television broadcasting systems and telecommunication networks.

This major requires a strong foundation in mathematics and science, such as calculus, physics, and chemistry, so you can better understand how electrical systems operate.

Environmental Science

Environmental science is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the relationship between humans and their natural environment. It involves studying ecological issues such as global warming, air pollution, water contamination, and biodiversity loss.

It also includes topics like conservation biology and sustainability science which deals with finding ways to use natural resources responsibly while preserving them for future generations. Environmental scientists work in research labs or policy-making organizations to develop solutions that protect our planet’s fragile ecosystems.

Lab Sciences

Lab science is a great major if you’re interested in hands-on experimentation and research-based problem-solving skills.

Students who major in lab science will conduct experiments using laboratory equipment such as microscopes, spectrophotometers, chromatography columns, centrifuges, etc., as well as experiment with different chemicals to uncover new scientific findings or applications of existing theories. 

Lab science is popular among students who are passionate about learning more about the world around them through experimentation and scientific inquiry!

What does the course curriculum look like in Science & Engineering Degree Programs?

Science and engineering are two essential fields that greatly impact our society. They provide us with an understanding of the world around us and enable us to develop new technologies.

So, if you’re considering a career in science or engineering, you must understand what courses may be included in your degree program.

Analytical Chemistry Course

This analytical chemistry course provides an overview of the fundamental principles and practices with a focus on quantitative methods.

You will be taught classical techniques such as titrimetric and volumetric analyses and basic instrumental methodologies, including spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and chromatography.

Introduction to Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Principles Course

In this course, you will learn about basic single-phase and multi-phase systems and how to apply thermodynamics’ first law for closed and open systems. Moreover, you will gain an understanding of how to perform steady state analysis on responding/non responding processes effectively.

Foundation of Biotechnology Course

This course will explore the life sciences industry in-depth, from concept to sales. You will discuss critical legal and regulatory matters, as well as ethical considerations impacting product development.

You’ll gain proficiency with technical writing skills for Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) documentation and intellectual property rights, plus learn about job prospects related to biotechnology applications and product development.

Principles of Quantum Mechanics Course

Discover the remarkable world of quantum physics in this comprehensive course, which covers a wide range of topics from the photoelectric effect to photon and electron diffraction.

Explore Schrödinger’s equation, wave functions, and probability amplitudes; delve into the fascinating Heisenberg uncertainty principle and zero-point energies. Finally, grasp how matter is made up of waves and particles in what’s known as Wave-Particle Duality!

Electronic Circuit Design, Analysis, and Implementation Course

This course provides an overview of electronic theory and passive and active components such as resistors/capacitors/inductors to operational amplifiers.

Additionally, this class delves into topics including feedback mechanisms, sinusoidal steady-state analysis, and frequency response resonance methods while exploring diodes and transistors.

Sustainability Foundations: An Introduction to Sustainability Course

In this course, you will explore the fundamentals of sustainability, from sustainable development to sustainability science, and interrogate existing assumptions that have impacted our relationship with nature.

With a deeper understanding of common dynamics leading to social and environmental issues, you’ll be equipped with tools that enable us all to transition toward more sustainable solutions.

Science & Engineering Degree Programs: Career Outlook, Salary Potential & Positions

Pursuing a science and engineering degree can open up a world of opportunities. With so many options available within these two fields—and more being added every day due to technology—it is safe to say that those who pursue degrees in science or engineering will be well-positioned for success upon graduation.

Career Outlook

The career outlook for those with a degree in science or engineering is optimistic.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) anticipates a 4% growth in architecture and engineering jobs by 2031, requiring professionals with advanced mathematical and technical capabilities.

The BLS also anticipates a 7% rise in life, physical, and social sciences jobs over the upcoming decade. Many industries require proficient scientists to fill vacancies; these roles may involve biomedical research, psychology, energy management, or environmental protection.

This growth is likely due to increased demand for scientists and engineers in response to technological advances and development in new industries like biotechnology and nanotechnology.

Salary Potential

There is no one-size-fits-all answer regarding salary potential, as it depends on your chosen field, experience level, education level, and geographic location.

However, the median annual wage for architecture and engineering jobs is an impressive median salary of $79,840 (in May 2021, according to BLS). —much higher than the median wage across all occupations ($45,760).

Also, specialists employed in Life, Physical, and Social Science bring home a median salary of $72,740 annually, according to BLS data.

Top Jobs you can get with a Science & Engineering degree:

Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technologists and Technicians

Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians install, run, and maintain equipment used to develop, test, produce, and sustain aircraft and spacecraft.

Their work is critical to ensuring the safety and precision of crucial parts of these vehicles and systems.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$73,580 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Bioengineers and Biomedical Engineers

Bioengineers and biomedical engineers are often involved in research and development or quality assurance. Their abilities span an array of areas, not just engineering and biology – they might create computer software to operate complex equipment such as 3D X-ray machines.

Additionally, some use their understanding of chemistry and biology to formulate novel drug treatments.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$97,410 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Electrical engineers are responsible for the innovative design and testing of electrical equipment, ranging from electric motors to navigational systems.

As experts in this field, they actively manage the production process and develop automotive and aircraft electrical systems. These professionals’ expertise ensures that our technological advancements remain up-to-date with modern standards.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$101,780 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Environmental Engineers

By utilizing the practices of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry, environmental engineers are working diligently to develop solutions for a better world.

From minimizing waste disposal to improving public health – not to mention dealing with global concerns such as climate change and unsafe drinking water – these specialists strive towards a healthier environment by creating innovative strategies for sustainability.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$96,820 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Environmental Scientists and Specialists

Environmental scientists and specialists are responsible for diagnosing ecological issues, then creating solutions to mitigate them.

For example, many will try to rehabilitate lands or waters contaminated by pollutants. Additionally, they ensure that new construction projects are not harming their surrounding environment—offering government entities and businesses advice on reducing such impact as much as possible.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$76,530 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineers use their chemistry, biology, physics, and mathematics expertise to solve problems related to producing or using chemicals, fuel, drugs, food, and other products.

They not only design processes and equipment for large-scale manufacturing but also evaluate methods of production and byproduct treatment as well as oversee facility operations.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$105,550 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Biochemists and Biophysicists

Biochemists and biophysicists rely on cutting-edge technologies, such as lasers, fluorescent microscopes, and x-rays, to conduct scientific experiments and data analysis.

They also use computer modeling software to map out the intricate three-dimensional structures of proteins and molecules. Furthermore, those involved in biotechnology research can utilize chemical enzymes for recombinant DNA synthesis.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$102,270 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


Physicists and Astronomers

By delving into the connection between matter and energy, physicists and astronomers strive to unveil how our universe works. Some researchers concentrate on exploring concepts like time or the dawn of existence.

Additionally, a few scientists use top-of-the-line devices such as particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and lasers in their experiments to further expand scientific understanding.

Average Salary - Job Positions

Average Salary

$147,450 per year

College Degree Type Needed For Job Position

Degree Level


*Please be advised that the average salary provided by the BLS may deviate significantly from state to state and occupation to occupation, depending on various factors.

Popular colleges with Science & Engineering Degree Programs

The United States is home to some of the world’s most prestigious and respected science and engineering institutions. These universities have a global reputation for their cutting-edge research, world-class faculty, and exceptional academic programs. Among them are:

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

MIT is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is renowned for its rigorous science and engineering programs and has produced many Nobel laureates and Fields medalists.

It is consistently ranked as one of the top universities in the world and offers programs in subjects such as computer science, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering.

California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

Caltech is a private research university in Pasadena, California. It is known for its strength in the natural, engineering, and applied sciences and has a strong reputation for producing successful scientists and engineers.

Caltech offers programs in subjects such as biology, chemistry, physics, and engineering.

Stanford University

Stanford is a private research university in Stanford, California. It is one of the most prestigious universities in the world and is known for its excellence in science and engineering. It has produced many Nobel laureates and offers computer science, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering programs.

Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Tech is a public research university in Atlanta, Georgia. It is known for its vital programs in science and engineering and has a reputation for producing successful engineers and scientists. It offers programs in aerospace engineering, biomedical engineering, and computer science.

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley)

UC Berkeley is a public research university in Berkeley, California. It is known for its strength in science and engineering and its excellence in social sciences and humanities. It has produced many Nobel laureates and offers computer science, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering programs.

Featured Colleges

What you need to know about Accreditation

Programmatic Accreditation

Programmatic accreditation ensures students obtain a quality education in their desired field of study. Rather than reviewing the institution as a whole, programmatic organizations evaluate individual programs or offerings to guarantee they align with established standards and provide an adequate level of instruction within the specialty area.

*Our website proudly displays a reputable list of colleges and universities, all accredited by either renowned regional associations or highly respected national agencies that have been acknowledged by the US Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.

FAQ about Science & Engineering Degree Programs

Admission requirements vary depending on the program, but most science and engineering programs require applicants to have a high school diploma or equivalent, strong math and science skills, good writing and communication abilities, and experience with computer programming languages.

The programs also require SAT scores or other standardized test scores from applicants.

Prerequisites vary depending on the specific program; however, many Science and Engineering Programs will require students to have a solid background in Math and Science courses such as Algebra, Calculus I & II, Chemistry, and Physics before enrollment in their chosen program of study.

Yes! Most colleges offer some financial aid packages for eligible students enrolled in their programs (including those enrolled in online courses).

Financial aid options include grants which typically do not need to be repaid; scholarships awarded based on academic merit or other criteria; work-study jobs that provide part-time income while attending school; student loans that you must repay after graduation; private loans from banks/credit unions; and employer tuition assistance.

The time it takes to complete a degree program can vary depending on the school and chosen major. Most undergraduate degrees will take two to four years, while a graduate degree may take an additional two to three years. Some universities offer accelerated programs that allow students to complete their degrees in less time.

Many science and engineering programs offer research experiences both inside and outside the classroom, ranging from hands-on laboratory work to literature reviews. Depending on the program, students may have the opportunity to conduct independent research projects or assist faculty members with their research initiatives.

Yes! Internships provide an excellent way for students to gain real-world experience and apply their skills to the workplace before they graduate. Participating in an internship program can help students make valuable contacts, network with potential employers, and build professional resumes.


Pursuing a degree in science or engineering is both challenging and rewarding. It will open doors to exciting career paths and equip you with the tools necessary to tackle any problem or question that comes your way.

Suppose you have a passion for science and engineering and want to make a difference in the world around us. In that case, enrolling in one of the science and engineering undergraduate or graduate programs might be the right choice!

Editorial Disclaimer

The College Compass is reader-supported and committed to maintaining complete editorial independence. All views expressed are solely ours and are not influenced by any external party. We may include affiliate links in the article, which helps us earn a small commission to support our work. We always have a link to the source for any data or information we include. Learn more about our editorial practices.

Explore More Degrees & Majors

Scroll to Top